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windows:smartmontools

Windows でハードディスクの S.M.A.R.T 情報の取得

インストール

Scoop によるインストール。
sudo - 管理者実行コマンド も必要である。

$ sudo scoop install smartmontools
Installing 'smartmontools' (7.1-1) [64bit]
smartmontools-7.1-1.win32-setup.exe (1.2 MB) [================================================================] 100%
Checking hash of smartmontools-7.1-1.win32-setup.exe ... ok.
Running installer... done.
Installer added '~\scoop\apps\smartmontools\7.1-1\bin' to path. Removing.
Linking ~\scoop\apps\smartmontools\current => ~\scoop\apps\smartmontools\7.1-1
Creating shim for 'runcmdu'.
Creating shim for 'smartctl'.
Creating shim for 'smartctl-nc'.
Creating shim for 'smartd'.
Creating shim for 'smartd_warning'.
Creating shim for 'update-smart-drivedb'.
Creating shim for 'wtssendmsg'.
'smartmontools' (7.1-1) was installed successfully!

使い方

$ sudo smartctl -a /dev/sda
smartctl 7.1 2019-12-30 r5022 [x86_64-w64-mingw32-w10-b20190] (sf-7.1-1)
Copyright (C) 2002-19, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Samsung based SSDs
Device Model:     Samsung SSD 840 PRO Series
Serial Number:    S12SNEAD217596W
LU WWN Device Id: 5 002538 550230683
Firmware Version: DXM04B0Q
User Capacity:    512,110,190,592 bytes [512 GB]
Sector Size:      512 bytes logical/physical
Rotation Rate:    Solid State Device
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ACS-2, ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4c
SATA Version is:  SATA 3.1, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 6.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Tue Aug 18 06:17:36 2020
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x00) Offline data collection activity
                                        was never started.
                                        Auto Offline Data Collection: Disabled.
Self-test execution status:      (   0) The previous self-test routine completed
                                        without error or no self-test has ever
                                        been run.
Total time to complete Offline
data collection:                (53956) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:                    (0x53) SMART execute Offline immediate.
                                        Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
                                        Suspend Offline collection upon new
                                        command.
                                        No Offline surface scan supported.
                                        Self-test supported.
                                        No Conveyance Self-test supported.
                                        Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003) Saves SMART data before entering
                                        power-saving mode.
                                        Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01) Error logging supported.
                                        General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine
recommended polling time:        (   2) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time:        (  35) minutes.
SCT capabilities:              (0x003d) SCT Status supported.
                                        SCT Error Recovery Control supported.
                                        SCT Feature Control supported.
                                        SCT Data Table supported.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 1
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   100   100   010    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   098   098   000    Old_age   Always       -       7981
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   097   097   000    Old_age   Always       -       2479
177 Wear_Leveling_Count     0x0013   094   094   000    Pre-fail  Always       -       183
179 Used_Rsvd_Blk_Cnt_Tot   0x0013   100   100   010    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
181 Program_Fail_Cnt_Total  0x0032   100   100   010    Old_age   Always       -       0
182 Erase_Fail_Count_Total  0x0032   100   100   010    Old_age   Always       -       0
183 Runtime_Bad_Block       0x0013   100   100   010    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
187 Uncorrectable_Error_Cnt 0x0032   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
190 Airflow_Temperature_Cel 0x0032   070   046   000    Old_age   Always       -       30
195 ECC_Error_Rate          0x001a   200   200   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
199 CRC_Error_Count         0x003e   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
235 POR_Recovery_Count      0x0012   099   099   000    Old_age   Always       -       188
241 Total_LBAs_Written      0x0032   099   099   000    Old_age   Always       -       46732375562

SMART Error Log Version: 1
No Errors Logged

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
No self-tests have been logged.  [To run self-tests, use: smartctl -t]

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
  255        0    65535  Read_scanning was never started
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.

付録

$ smartctl -h
smartctl 7.1 2019-12-30 r5022 [x86_64-w64-mingw32-w10-b19042] (sf-7.1-1)
Copyright (C) 2002-19, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

Usage: smartctl [options] device

============================================ SHOW INFORMATION OPTIONS =====

  -h, --help, --usage
         Display this help and exit

  -V, --version, --copyright, --license
         Print license, copyright, and version information and exit

  -i, --info
         Show identity information for device

  --identify[=[w][nvb]]
         Show words and bits from IDENTIFY DEVICE data                (ATA)

  -g NAME, --get=NAME
        Get device setting: all, aam, apm, dsn, lookahead, security,
        wcache, rcache, wcreorder, wcache-sct

  -a, --all
         Show all SMART information for device

  -x, --xall
         Show all information for device

  --scan
         Scan for devices

  --scan-open
         Scan for devices and try to open each device

================================== SMARTCTL RUN-TIME BEHAVIOR OPTIONS =====

  -j, --json[=[cgiosuv]]
         Print output in JSON format

  -q TYPE, --quietmode=TYPE                                           (ATA)
         Set smartctl quiet mode to one of: errorsonly, silent, noserial

  -d TYPE, --device=TYPE
         Specify device type to one of:
         ata, scsi[+TYPE], nvme[,NSID], sat[,auto][,N][+TYPE], usbcypress[,X], usbjmicron[,p][,x][,N], usbprolific, usbsunplus, sntjmicron[,NSID], intelliprop,N[+TYPE], jmb39x,N[,sLBA][,force][+TYPE], aacraid,H,L,ID, areca,N[/E], auto, test

  -T TYPE, --tolerance=TYPE                                           (ATA)
         Tolerance: normal, conservative, permissive, verypermissive

  -b TYPE, --badsum=TYPE                                              (ATA)
         Set action on bad checksum to one of: warn, exit, ignore

  -r TYPE, --report=TYPE
         Report transactions (see man page)

  -n MODE[,STATUS], --nocheck=MODE[,STATUS]                           (ATA)
         No check if: never, sleep, standby, idle (see man page)

============================== DEVICE FEATURE ENABLE/DISABLE COMMANDS =====

  -s VALUE, --smart=VALUE
        Enable/disable SMART on device (on/off)

  -o VALUE, --offlineauto=VALUE                                       (ATA)
        Enable/disable automatic offline testing on device (on/off)

  -S VALUE, --saveauto=VALUE                                          (ATA)
        Enable/disable Attribute autosave on device (on/off)

  -s NAME[,VALUE], --set=NAME[,VALUE]
        Enable/disable/change device setting: aam,[N|off], apm,[N|off],
        dsn,[on|off], lookahead,[on|off], security-freeze,
        standby,[N|off|now], wcache,[on|off], rcache,[on|off],
        wcreorder,[on|off[,p]], wcache-sct,[ata|on|off[,p]]

======================================= READ AND DISPLAY DATA OPTIONS =====

  -H, --health
        Show device SMART health status

  -c, --capabilities                                            (ATA, NVMe)
        Show device SMART capabilities

  -A, --attributes
        Show device SMART vendor-specific Attributes and values

  -f FORMAT, --format=FORMAT                                          (ATA)
        Set output format for attributes: old, brief, hex[,id|val]

  -l TYPE, --log=TYPE
        Show device log. TYPE: error, selftest, selective, directory[,g|s],
        xerror[,N][,error], xselftest[,N][,selftest], background,
        sasphy[,reset], sataphy[,reset], scttemp[sts,hist],
        scttempint,N[,p], scterc[,N,M], devstat[,N], defects[,N], ssd,
        gplog,N[,RANGE], smartlog,N[,RANGE], nvmelog,N,SIZE

  -v N,OPTION , --vendorattribute=N,OPTION                            (ATA)
        Set display OPTION for vendor Attribute N (see man page)

  -F TYPE, --firmwarebug=TYPE                                         (ATA)
        Use firmware bug workaround:
        none, nologdir, samsung, samsung2, samsung3, xerrorlba, swapid

  -P TYPE, --presets=TYPE                                             (ATA)
        Drive-specific presets: use, ignore, show, showall

  -B [+]FILE, --drivedb=[+]FILE                                       (ATA)
        Read and replace [add] drive database from FILE
        [default is +C:/Users/nakayama/scoop/apps/smartmontools/current/bin/drivedb-add.h
         and then    C:/Users/nakayama/scoop/apps/smartmontools/current/bin/drivedb.h]

============================================ DEVICE SELF-TEST OPTIONS =====

  -t TEST, --test=TEST
        Run test. TEST: offline, short, long, conveyance, force, vendor,N,
                        select,M-N, pending,N, afterselect,[on|off]

  -C, --captive
        Do test in captive mode (along with -t)

  -X, --abort
        Abort any non-captive test on device

=================================================== SMARTCTL EXAMPLES =====

  smartctl -a /dev/sda                       (Prints all SMART information)

  smartctl --smart=on --offlineauto=on --saveauto=on /dev/sda
                                              (Enables SMART on first disk)

  smartctl -t long /dev/sda              (Executes extended disk self-test)

  smartctl --attributes --log=selftest --quietmode=errorsonly /dev/sda
                                      (Prints Self-Test & Attribute errors)
  smartctl -a /dev/sda
             (Prints all information for disk on PhysicalDrive 0)
  smartctl -a /dev/pd3
             (Prints all information for disk on PhysicalDrive 3)
  smartctl -a /dev/tape1
             (Prints all information for SCSI tape on Tape 1)
  smartctl -A /dev/hdb,3
                (Prints Attributes for physical drive 3 on 3ware 9000 RAID)
  smartctl -A /dev/tw_cli/c0/p1
            (Prints Attributes for 3ware controller 0, port 1 using tw_cli)
  smartctl --all --device=areca,3/1 /dev/arcmsr0
           (Prints all SMART info for 3rd ATA disk of the 1st enclosure
            on 1st Areca RAID controller)

  ATA SMART access methods and ordering may be specified by modifiers
  following the device name: /dev/hdX:[saicm], where
  's': SMART_* IOCTLs,         'a': IOCTL_ATA_PASS_THROUGH,
  'i': IOCTL_IDE_PASS_THROUGH, 'f': IOCTL_STORAGE_*,
  'm': IOCTL_SCSI_MINIPORT_*.
  The default on this system is /dev/sdX:pasifm

トラブルシューティング

smartctl で S.M.A.R.T の情報を読み出せない

$ smartctl -i /dev/sda
smartctl 7.1 2019-12-30 r5022 [x86_64-w64-mingw32-w10-b20190] (sf-7.1-1)
Copyright (C) 2002-19, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

Smartctl open device: /dev/sda failed: \\.\PhysicalDrive0: Open failed, Error=5

smartctlsudo コマンドで管理者実行する。

$ sudo smartctl -i /dev/sda
smartctl 7.1 2019-12-30 r5022 [x86_64-w64-mingw32-w10-b20190] (sf-7.1-1)
Copyright (C) 2002-19, Bruce Allen, Christian Franke, www.smartmontools.org

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Samsung based SSDs
Device Model:     Samsung SSD 840 PRO Series
Serial Number:    S12SNEAD217596W
LU WWN Device Id: 5 002538 550230683
Firmware Version: DXM04B0Q
User Capacity:    512,110,190,592 bytes [512 GB]
Sector Size:      512 bytes logical/physical
Rotation Rate:    Solid State Device
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   ACS-2, ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4c
SATA Version is:  SATA 3.1, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 6.0 Gb/s)
Local Time is:    Tue Aug 18 06:22:40 2020
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled
windows/smartmontools.txt · 最終更新: 2020/11/30 16:44 by ともやん